Parents know their child's likes and dislikes when it comes to food. Maybe you wish your kid tried more new things, maybe they'll eat anything at all or maybe they avoid anything green like the plague. Many children are picky eaters, it's a normal feature of childhood development and most grow out of these habits on their own as they get older.
However, a newly recognised eating disorder, called Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID), goes beyond normal picky eating. As a newly recognised condition, many of us might not know what the symptoms are or where to go for help.
What is ARFID?
ARFID is a condition where people eat a limited variety of food, or restrict their food intake. Unlike other eating disorders, such as anorexia nervosa, those with ARFID aren't restricting their food intake to try and lose weight.
Not everyone with ARFID restricts food in the same way. Some may avoid or refuse certain foods based on things like appearance, smell, texture or association with a previous negative experience. Others may worry about choking or vomiting, and others may have a lack of interest in eating or food in general.
A recent study showed that over 20 per cent of youth admitted to a day treatment program for eating disorders had a diagnosis of ARFID.
How is it different from normal picky eating?
Picky eating, which is common in children, is not the same as ARFID. Those with ARFID must have lost weight or (for children) not grown as expected, have nutritional deficiencies, be dependent on tube feeding or nutritional supplements, or have significant difficulty with day-to-day life due their food restrictions. ARFID can occur in people of all ages, including children, adolescents, and adults.
It's also possible that some individuals with ARFID may go on to develop another eating disorder, such as anorexia nervosa. Eating disorders are serious conditions that can lead to severe health problems, so getting the right treatment is very important.
Where can people go for help?
If you're concerned about your child, don't wait to get help. Youth or parents can talk to their family doctor and go to the Kelty Mental Health Resource website to see what resources are available in your area.
In addition to the Kelty Mental Health Eating Disorders website, further information about ARFID and other eating disorders (including anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge-eating disorder) is available through the National Eating Disorder Information Centre